I have had my DNA typed and posted on the
Savage DNA web site. If you are interested in
comparing your DNA to my own, click on the
link below.
Unfortunately there recently seems
to have been little effort to manage the site, but
a new administrator has been added, so
hopefully we'll see some improvement.
To compare your DNA to mine you will need to
know my "S" code number. Email me your
code and I will give you mine.

    Ensign Thomas Savage is well known in Virginia History. Arriving in Jamestown in 1608, he was given to Powhatan by Captain Christopher
    Newport as a hostage to insure friendship with the powerful Powhatan. John Smith, present at the exchange, tells us Savage was thirteen years of
    age. In 1619 Ensign Savage settled in Accomack as the first white settler on the Eastern Shore. The Ensign is said to have given us the oldest
    continuing family name in America.

    Thomas Savage, "The Carpenter," prominent figure in Northampton and Accomack Counties on the Eastern Shore of Virginia, first appears, by
    name, in the records in 1632. He is known to have been a builder of watercraft and homes, operated a cooperage to manufacturer casks, barrels,
    kegs, buckets, etc. At his death, he owned at least two properties totaling 750 acres.
A skirmish with the Indians near Jamestown

The 1624/25 muster (census) listed a 12 year old boy, identified as Thomas Belson,
a servant of Ensign Thomas. I believe this boy was Thomas Savage the Carpenter.
While common thought is that Belson was a surname, I believe that it was a family
name and was used to differentiate him from his father. The reported age of 12 is
probably incorrect. Anyone who has ever examined old census records knows they
were notorious for having gross errors on ages. Young Thomas may have been
closer to 9 or 10.
Many of these old records were hand copied and re-copied several times and as
any researcher who has delved through old census records knows; there were
many, many, errors. (I have a dozen different ages recorded for my great-
grandfather, Nelson Savage.) There may have been a misunderstanding on the part
of the census taker as regards the boy’s name and his age. Perhaps the person
giving the information named the boy's mother when answering; "xxxxxxx's son".
Perhaps the copyist had difficulty with the name when the muster taker's notes
were transferred.
Like my own name, it may have been a middle name to differentiate him from his
father. It would be like my father, Russell, telling the census taker that I was
Russell Blair.
Any number of reasons could account for this boy having been listed as a servant.
As mentioned above, the old records are rife with errors. Did the census taker
mistaken him for a servant because he appeared to be Native American?
I have not been able to locate another person with the name, Belson during these
early years of the colony.
Of the 51 Eastern Shore people appearing in the census of 1624/25, this young boy
is the only individual who is not identified by either; “born in Virginia” or by the
giving of a date of arrival and the name of the ship on which he arrived.
Of those 51 people:
Forty-eight are identified by ship and date of arrival.       
Two are identified as being “born in Virginia”.
Only one, the so-called, Thomas Belson, has no date of arrival, ship name, or “born
in Virginia” label.
To illustrate the above I include here an excerpt from the muster listing those
residents of the Eastern Shore. This is a copy from page 11 of THE EASTERN
SHORE of VIRGINIA 1603-1964 by Nora Miller Turman and appears
alphabetically instead of in the original order. I have a complete copy of the actual
1624/25 muster, so I am certain of the accuracy of what I include here.
William Andrews, age 25, in the Treasurer, 1617
John Askume, age 22, in the Charles, 1624
John Baker, age 20, in the Ann, 1623
Thomas Belson, age 12
William Bibble, age 22, in the Swan, 1620
James Blackborne, age 20, in the Sampson, 1619
Margaret Hodgskins, born in Virginia

Why was the “Belson” boy treated differently than the other fifty residents? Why
was he the only one who had no information given as to how or when he arrived in
Virginia? Why is the listing of this boy unique?

In the Jamestown Muster Rolls of 1624/5 Belson is listed as a servant of Ensign
Thomas Savage. It was not unique to this boy to be listed as a servant when he may
have actually been the Ensign's son. In the muster of William Gany (wife Anna),
their daughter, also named, Anna is listed as a servant and as being born in
Virginia. William arrived Virginia in 1616 and Mrs. Gany arrived in 1620, so young
Anna would have been no more than five to six years of age; quite young to be a
Another instance of this may be in the muster of Captain Samuell Mathews who
arrived in 1622. Among his other servants there is listed a Robert Mathews, age 24.

    After spending many years tracing my line to
    Thomas Savage the Carpenter, in 1995 I
    published a book covering the thirteen
    generations from he to my grand-children. After
    the book was completed I continued the search
    for the antecedents and descendants of this
    remarkable man. The book is entitled;

      A History of Thirteen Generations of a
           Savage Family in America

    This book is available for sale. It is high quality
    hardback, 308 pages, illustrated
    and indexed.

    Price is $29.50 plus $4.50 for packaging
    and Media Rate shipping, total - $34.00.

    Mail check to:
    R. Blair Savage
    157 Shadowleaf Drive
    Hendersonville, NC  28739

If you have any questions about the contents of this
book please contact me at the email address listed
near the bottom of this page.

Unless you can determine that you are likely a
descendant of Thomas Savage the Carpenter,  
SAVAGE IS MY NAME would be of little value
to you. It does not explore the many branches of the
Carpenter's descendants. It is limited to the male line
from the Carpenter to myself and probable siblings
found in each generation. The fifth generation is
Robinson T. Savage and the link further down this
page will take you to my site where I identify over
4000 of his probable descendants.

    Robinson T. Savage and many of his
    descendants are told about in Evelyn
    Guard Olsen's book, Indian Blood, a
    brilliant narrative about life in the
    Blooming Rose area of Garrett
    County during the 1800's.
    Stephen Schlosnagle's bicentennial
    history of Garrett County contains
    numerous references to our Savage
    The book, Garrett County Graves
    would be several pages thinner had
    Robinson not planted his roots where
    he did.

    Robinson T. Savage was the first school teacher in Western
    Maryland. He was a friend and neighbor of Meshack Browning.
    Meshack was a famous pioneer hunter and outdoorsman. His
    flintlock rifle rests in the Smithsonian. In Meshack's book, Forty-
    four Years of The Life of A Hunter, a tome about his many
    exploits, he tells about he and Robinson being together in the War
    of 1812. They volunteered, were appointed sergeants and marched
    off to Baltimore.
Thomas The Carpenter had at least two sons; Thomas and John.

A century after he was active on the
Eastern Shore,
Thomas The Carpenter was referred
to, in court records as;
Thomas Savage
The Elder.

    Additions and corrections to the information
    contained herein are welcome.
    I may be contacted at:
    R. Blair Savage
    157 Shadowleaf Dr.
    Hendersonville, NC  28739
    Ph 828-808-3749

    I may be contacted by email at the address following.
    This address is coded to prevent copying by Internet

    To use, please remove the blue x.

    This web site went on-line in
    July of 2005.
    I will continue to add any information that I
    may find on Thomas Savage the Carpenter
    and Ensign Thomas Savage.
    As I hear from new "Cuzzins" I also add to
    the several thousand names on the
    Robinson T. Savage web site.

 Thomas Savage the Carpenter
had many craftsmen and
laborers working his shops and
plantation. Some of them were
slaves, some were indentured
servants and undoubtedly some
were freemen.

    The aim of this site is to:

    1. Make available information on the continuing effort to prove the
    relationship of Thomas Savage the Carpenter, who first appears in
    Colonial Virginia records in 1632, and Ensign Thomas Savage
    who arrived in 1607/08 with the "First Supply" to Jamestown - and to
    determine their family histories.
    2. Provide assistance to those who believe they may be descended from
    these two adventurers.

    A colonial cooper needed skills, intelligence, and
    strength.  They made casks and containers of many
    specific sizes which included the barrel, firkin, kilderkin,
    hogshead, butt, tierce, puncheon, rundlet and pipe.  They
    also made pails, churns, tubs, and dippers.  These were
    made of cedar and pine, and were used to hold goods like
    flour, tobacco, and water. Coopers used broad axes,
    planes, drawknives, and other tools to make these items.
    A carpenter was perhaps the most useful colonial
    tradesman.  The carpenter used many different tools,
    including the saw, broad axe, hammer, awl, mallet, plane,
    scribe, drawknife, gimlet, and froe.
    Carpenters built with, oak, locust, tulip, poplar, yellow
    pine, cypress and juniper.
By R. Blair Savage
Milton Jackson Savage
Russell Milton Savage
Last update on this page:   

Please click on the "Arms" button in the
navigation bar for information on the Savage
Coat of Arms
To return to the
top of the page
Click on Home

    Robinson T. Savage, early pioneer of Western Maryland, present day Garrett County, was my great, great, great, great, grand-
    father. I have constructed a chart of the descendants of Robinson T. Savage which lists over 4000 individuals. This chart may be
    accessed at the link below.

A great, great, grand-son of Thomas Savage was
Robinson T. Savage

Court documents tell us Thomas Savage the Carpenter built
houses and boats. It's reported that a Shallop was typical of the
kindof boats built by his crew.
Savage Ancestry - Savage History - Savage Genealogy - Savage Family - Savage Lore - Savage Legend - Savage Traces - Savage Honor
Savage Women - Savage Roots - Savage Lineage - Savage Adventure - Savage Pioneers - Savage Hero's - Savage Men - Savage Arms
Jamestown Plaque dedicated
to Ensign Thomas Savage

JULY 19TH 1621.

    17th-century European engraving depicts Powhatan receiving Ralph Hamor,
    secretary of the Virginia colony and interpreter Thomas Savage in 1614 at the
    chief’s new capital of Matchcot on the Pamunkey River.
    Hamor relates: I had Thomas Salvage with me, for my interpreter; with him and
    two Salvages, for guides; I went from the Bermuda in the morning, and came to
    Matchot the next night, where the King (Powhatan) lay upon the River of
    Pamaunke; his entertainment was strange to me, the boy (Thomas Savage) he
    knew well and told him; My child, I gave you leave, being my boy, to goe see your
    friends, and these foure yeares I have not seene you, nor heard of my owne man
Ensign Thomas Savage was an
"adopted brother" to
Pocahontas and lived in everyday
association with her for three years.
Theodore De Bry wood cut of Colonial artist John White's first-hand,
water color depiction of the Virginia/North Carolina Indian.
This European painting of the wedding of Pocohantas and John Rolfe
is said to include Ensign Thomas Savage

Who was the father of Thomas Savage the Carpenter?
This question is vigorously explored in my book;

Savage Is My Name - Part II

A Study of the lives and Relationship of
Thomas Savage the Carpenter
Ensign Thomas Savage
Virginia's Eastern Shore
1607 - 1655

This follow-up to my original book,
is also high quality hardback, 130 pages, illustrated.

Price is $15.00 plus packaging and shipping:
First Class; $5.00 - Total - $20.00
Media Rate; $3.50 - Total - $18.50.

When ordered together the price for
both books is $41.00 plus $5.00 for packaging and
Media Rate shipping; total - $46.00

    Mail check to:
    R. Blair Savage
    157 Shadowleaf Drive
    Hendersonville, NC  28739
    Caution: If you are new to genealogy research, you need to be aware that there is an extreme
    amount of rubbish information posted on the Internet. Before using any information found on-line one
    should make sure it is documented. In my own searching, of this most valuable medium, I have found
    scores of postings relating to the lives of Ensign Thomas Savage and Thomas Savage the Carpenter
    which are highly questionable and many that are just plain wrong. After twenty-four years of searching, I
    have found no person, or source, on the Internet or anywhere else, who cites an actual record which
    identifies the parents of Ensign Thomas Savage, or the location in England from where he came. If
    anyone has such hard evidence I would sincerely appreciate your sharing it with those of us who have
    spent many years in search of it.     

My Personal Library Relating To My Search For My Savage Ancestry In Colonial Virginia

The purpose of including this listing is to provide help, when possible, to other researchers.
If you would like me to look for a
specific name or passage that you have reason to believe
may be in one of these publications, I would be happy to do so. Please do not ask me to search
the entire library. Email me your request at the address included further down this page.

                        Recent additions are temporarily shown in red. Some lengthy titles are slightly abbreviated.


1.        A Concise History Of England – F.E. Halliday
2.        A Genealogical History of The Savage Family In Ulster – George F. Savage-Armstrong
3.        A Key to Survey Reports and Microfilm of the Virginia Colonial Records Project. Vol 1 & 2
4.        A Land As God Made It: Jamestown & The Birth Of America - James Horn
5.        A True Discourse of the Present Estate of Virginia ---- by Ralph Hamor -- 1615
6.        A True Relation of The State of Virginia Left by Sir Thomas Dale - in 1616 – John Rolfe
7.        Abstracts of Wills, Adm. Of Northampton Co. VA. 1632-1802 - James Handley Marshall
8.        Accomack Co. VA. Court Order Abstracts Vol. 1-10: 1663-1710 – J. R. McKey (On CD)
9.        Accomack Tithables 1663 – 1695 - Stratton Nottingham
10.        Adventures of Purse and Person, 1607-1624/5, Vol. IV, R-Z - John F. Dorman
11.        Adventures of Purse and Person, Va. 1607-1624/5, Vol. I, A-F - John F. Dorman
12.        America’s First Family, The Savages of Virginia – Burghard
13.        American Colonists In English Records – 1597 to 1800  George Sherwood 1982
14.        American Colonists in English Records. Pub. 2011  2 Vol. in one – George Sherwood
15.        American Journeys – An Anthology of Travel In the United States – E. D. Bennett
16.        Ancient And Noble Family Of The Savages Of The Ards, The  – Geo. F. Savage-Armstrong
17.        Anne Orthwoods’s Bastard – John Pagan
18.        Atlantic World and Virginia, 1550-1624 – Peter C. Mancall
19.         Before and After Jamestown: Virginia's Powhatans - Rountree & Turner
20.         Between Two Worlds, Pocahontas & an English Boy Hostage to her Father – Clausen
21.         British Empire, The - Jane  Samson (on order)
22.         Captain Christopher Newport  - A. Bryant Nichols Jr.
23.         Captain John Smith – Writings with Other Narratives – Ed. James Horn
24.         Common Law of Colonial America, The - Nelson
25.         County Court Records of Accomack-Northampton 1640-1645 - Susie Ames
26.         Directories of Accomack & Northampton Landowners - 1815 - Roger G. Ward
27.         Early Virginia Immigrants, 1623 – 1666 – George Cabell Greer
28.         Eastern Shore Indians of Virginia and Maryland - Rountree & Davidson
29.         Eastern Shore of Virginia, The - 1603-1964 - Nora Miller Turman
30.         English Duplicates of Lost Virginia Records – Louis des Cognets, Jr.
31.         English Estates of American Colonists 1610-1699 -  Coldham, Peter
32.         Ethics and Indians – Social Relations in a Northwestern Ontario Town – David H. Stymeist
33.         European And The Indian, The  – James Axtell
34.         First Colonists, The: the First English Settlements in North America – David and Alison Quinn
35.         First People: The Early Indians of Virginia - Egloff & Woodward
36.         First Republic In America: An Account of the Origin of This Nation - Alexander Brown
37.         Formation of A Society on Virginia’s Eastern Shore 1615-1655 - James R. Perry
38.         Genesis of the United States, The: the Plantation of North America by England – Brown, 1891
39.         Good Wives, Nasty Wenches _: Gender, Race, Power in Colonial Virginia  - Brown, Kathleen. M.
40.         Historie of Travaile into Virginia Britannia, The  - William Strachey
41.         Histories of the Dividing Line Betwixt Virginia and North Carolina – Wm. K. Byrd
42.         History of Savage Family in England 1066-2010 – Hugh Savage (CD)
43.         Indians in Seventeenth-Century Virginia – McCary, Ben C.
44.         Immigrants To America Appearing In English Records – Frank Smith
45.         Jamestown Adventure, The: Accts of the Va. Colony, 1605-1614 - Ed Southern
46.         Jamestown Colony, The – Cornerstones of Freedom – Sakurai
47.         Jamestown Project, The - Karen Kupperma
48.         Jamestown, the Buried Truth - Kelso
49.         Jamestowne Ancestors 1607-1699 – Davis
50.         Key to Survey Reports and Microfilm of the Virginia Col. Records Project, Vol. 1 & 2
51.         Land Causes Accomack County, Virginia 1727-1826 - Stratton Nottingham
52.         Life of the Powhatan (Native Nations of North America)         - Sjonger & Kalman
53.         Loose Papers and Sundry Court Cases 1628 – 1731         - Jean Mihalyka
54.         Lord Mayor’s Court Of London Depositions Relating to Americans 1641-1736 – Peter Coldham
55.         Lost Virginia Records, English Duplicates of – Louis des Cognets, Jr.
56.         Marriages, Northampton County, Virginia 1660-1854 - Jean Mihalyka
57.         Mother Earth – Land Grants in Virginia - W. Stitt Robinson, Jr.
58.         Narratives Of Early Virginia – Editor J. F. Jameson
59.         Northampton Co. Va. Record Book, Ord, Deeds, Wills, 1654-55 - Mackey & Groves
60.         One Among the Indians - Martha Bennett Stiles
61.         Peopling of British North America, The  - Bernard Bailyn
62.         Pioneer Spirit – By American Heritage. Editor in Charge, Richard M. Ketchum
63.         Pocahontas, Powhatan, Opechancanough - Rountree
64.         Pocahontas's People: The Powhatan Indians of Virginia - Helen C. Rountree
65.         Powhatan Confederacy, The -  Past and Present – James Mooney 1907
66.         Powhatan Indians of Virginia, The  - Helen C. Rountree
67.         Powhatan’s Mantle - Wood, Waselkov, Hatley
68.         Reading, Writing and Arithmetic in Virginia 1607-09 - Susie Ames
69.         Records of the Va. Co. of London, Court Book, Vol. 1, 1619-22 - Susan M. Kingsbury
70.         Records of the Va. Co. of London, The - Vol. 1,2,3,4 (CD) - Susan M. Kingsbury
71.         Records of the Virginia Company of London, Volumes 1-4 [CD] - Susan M. Kingsbury
72.         Relation of Virginia  c. 1613 - Henry Spelman
73.         Savage Is My Name – Part II – R. Blair Savage
74.         Savage Is My Name - R. Blair Savage
75.         Savage Kingdom – The True Story of Jamestown – Benjamin Wooley
76.         Shawnee Heritage I - Don Greene
77.         Shawnee Heritage II - Don Greene
78.         Sir William Berkeley and the Forging of Colonial Virginia – Warren M. Billings
79.         Studies of the Virginia Eastern Shore in the 17th century - Susie M. Ames
80.         Tom Savage - A Story of Colonial Virginia - John Logan (Encyclopaedia Britannica)
81.         Tracks and Other Papers Relating to Origin (etc) of Colonies in North America (etc) - Peter Force
82.         True Story of Pocahontas, The - The Other Side of History - Custalow & Daniel
83.         Virginia – The First Seventeen Years - Charles E. Hatch, Jr.
84.         Virginia ‘Publick’ Claims, Accomack & Northampton, 1780-83 -- Abercrombie & Slatten
85.         Virginia Colonial Abstracts – Series 2, Vol. 3. Va. Co. of London 1606 – 1624  -  Beverly Fleet
86.         Virginia Court Records in Southwestern Pennsylvania – Boyd Crumrine
87.         Virginia Gleanings in England – Lothrop Withington
88.         Virginia Immigrants And Adventurers 1607 – 1635 - Martha W. McCartney
89.         Virginia Wills and Administrations 1632-1800  -  Torrence Clayton  --- on order
90.         Virginia’s Eastern Shore - Ralph T. Whitelaw
91.         We Are The Savages – James C. Savage
92.         Who’s Saying What in Jamestown, Thomas Savage - Jean Fritz
93.         Wills And Adms of Accomack Co. Va. 1663 – 1800 - Stratton Nottingham
94.         Ye Kingdom Of Accawmacke - Jennings Cropper Wise

I've also published a book
of short stories, 40 in all
and all true.
It's 160 pages, illustrated,
soft cover.

Retail price is $13.95, but
when ordered with either
of my Savage books the
price is $5.00
plus $1.00 shipping.
Go to >>>>>
Here are some important links to genealogy on Virginia's Eastern Shore.
To explore these pages please use these navigation buttons >>

   Thank you for visiting my web site - please check for updates periodically.

Correction to SAVAGE IS MY NAME - PART II.
Nancy Garrett, descendant of Ensign Thomas Savage and very knowledgeable Eastern Shore Genealogist questioned my
statement on page 24 that males aged 14 or more could serve on juries. A thorough review of my resources indicates that Nancy
is correct. At fourteen a child could act as a witness, but the age of majority, twenty-one, was necessary to serve on the jury.
Books in as-new condition may be returned within
30 days for a refund of the purchase price if you are
not completely satisfied.
Not that anyone gives a hoot, but a few years ago I
had a computer crash and my counter was wiped
out. The correct current number is around 37000.  
RBS 3-9-2013

The Savages intermarried with the Friends, Fikes,
Casteels and many other pioneer families of
Garrett County, Maryland, Preston County, West
Virginia to the west and Fayette County,
Pennsylvania to the north.
All written material on this site is protected through Copyright and
is made available for private use only. Any commercial use or for-profit
publication in any form is forbidden without the written consent of
R. Blair Savage at 157 Shadowleaf Drive, Hendersonville, NC 28739.

    For those who regularly
    follow this page, I will
    continue to update it as I
    find new information. For
    those who visit here for the
    first time, additional
    documentation of this
    search is available in the
    two books featured below.
Henry Spelman and Robert Poole were two Englishmen who were also hostaged to the
Powhatan Indians and later became interpreters the same as Ensign Thomas Savage. They
were contemporaries of the Ensign and the three knew each other well.
According to the source cited below,
He (Spelman) was survived by his Patawomeck
spouse "Martha Fox," a child named Clement Spelman, his father Sir Henry
Spelman, his brothers Thomas Spelman of Kecoughtan, Virginia, John Spelman,
and Francis Spelman of Truro, Cornwall, England.
The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Virginia Historical Society, Contributor Philip
Alexander Bruce, William Glover Stanard, Published 1893, Virginia Historical Society” p. 17

Henry went back to England in 1613, and made several other trips, but returned to Virginia
each time to continue to serve as an interpreter, and eventually rising to the rank of Captain.
During this time he married a Patawomeck Indian woman who is believed to have been
given the English name "Martha Fox." (According to traditions passed on to Henry
Spellman's descendents, - his native wife was a sister of Pocahontas, and daughter of
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Robert Poole's spouse was unknown, but the wife of his son, William John Poole, was an
unnamed American Indian woman.
Rev. Stephen E. Harris, The Surry County, Virginia, Historical Society and Museums.

In John Rolfe’s 1619 letter to Edwin Sandys he makes references that imply that Robert
Poole lived among the Indians. He even stated; “Poole being even turned heathen.” It's
therefore obvious to me that Poole would have had an Indian bed-mate.
In the Proceedings of the Virginia Assembly at James City July 30 – August 4, 1619, after
Henry Spelman is read his sentence an Assembly member stated; "This sentence being
read to Spelman he, as one that had in him more of the Savage than of the Christian"
As explained at length in my book, SAVAGE IS MY NAME - PART II, it was routinely common for traders
and other white men important to the American and Canadian Indians to be given young native girls as
wives, or bed-mates. The Ensign was a trader - and interpreters were certainly important to the Indians. If
Spelman, Poole and Poole's son took Indian wives, it certainly would have made sense for the Ensign to do
the same.

    My book, SAVAGE IS MY NAME - PART II, contains evidence
    to support the theory that Thomas Savage the Carpenter was the
    son of Ensign Thomas Savage and a Native American girl. As I
    uncover additional information, while continuing the search for
    further documented proof, I will report it here. Any new additions
    below will be temporarily in red print to indicate a new entry.
    For owners of SAVAGE IS MY NAME - PART II, the data below
    may be copied, printed and inserted in your copy.
There is documentation that an Ann/Hannah was a wife of Ensign
Thomas Savage and that they had at least one child; John.
I believe that Ann/Hannah was the Ensign's second wife and the
step-mother of the "Belson" boy. I believe this boy was actually
Thomas Savage the Carpenter, the son of the Ensign and a native girl.
I believe "Belson" was a family name given to the boy to distinguish
him from his father, Ensign Thomas Savage. I believe this young fellow
was probably called, Thomas "Belson" Savage.
Chief Powhatan
Click here >>>

A quote from the pen of J.C. Wise:
"These old carpenters and
ship-builders seem to have been
constantly occupied and prosperous".
In honor of Russell Milton Savage 1901-1986

Dedicated to Thomas Savage "The Carpenter"
Ensign Thomas Savage
Virginia's Eastern Shore during the first successful
English colonization of America; Jamestown

The search for their antecedents and their descendants

Covering the period from 1607 to 1655
The only known
painting made during
her lifetime.
It hangs in the National
Portrait Gallery of the
Smithsonian, in
Washington, D.C.
My Father
My Grandfather

A Shallop

Here we see two replicates of the colonial shallop.

Shallops of the time were described as;
"of twenty-six feet by the keel with masts, oars and

"of four tons".

"a sloop rigged craft of about twelve tons". (Capt.
John Smith's shallop with which he explored the
bay area)

"Tons" refers to the weight of water displaced by
the craft, not the weight of the craft itself.

The 1990 census
records 49,740
individuals in the
United States
with the surname
of, Savage.
The name ranks
number 582 with
Smith being
number 1 at
Eastern Shore stuff >>
Eastern Shore Families >>
Delmarva History >>
Letter from the Marquess of Flores to Philip III, King of Spain. 8-1-1612
>reported by a source that "some of the people who have gone there, think now some of them should marry the women of the savages of that country; and he tells me that
there are already 40 or 50 thus married." Also reported that the other Englishmen, after being put among them, have become savages themselves while the women, whom
they took out, also have gone among the savages where they have been received & treated well. A minister who admonished them was "seriously wounded in many places"
because "he reprehended them."
Brown 1964:572 [Vol. 2589, folio 61]

>In a survey of New World colonization associated with his grant in Newfoundland, Sir William Alexander cites the marriage of Rolfe and Pocahontas as evidence of the
value of intermarriage, "for it is the onely course that uniting minds, free from jealousies, can first make strangers confide in a new friendship, which by communicating their
bloud with mutuall assurance is left hereditary to their posteritie."
An Encouragement to Colonies.  Sir William Alexander, Earl of Stirling, London, 1624.

>Until at least 1618, and possibly until as late as the Indian strike on English settlements in 1622, Powhatan and his successor, brother Opechancanough, still held out some
hope of dealing with the English intruders through intermarriage and diplomacy.
Women in Early Jamestown - Kathleen M. Brown, Associate Professor of History, University of Pennsylvania

>"A Justification for Planting Virginia" reveals the propaganda campaign of The Virginia Company to counteract these negative reports: "Some forme of writinge in
way of Justification of our plantation might be conceived, and pass [...] into many hands."
A number of these pamphlets were written by Anglican ministers, such as
William Symonds and Alexander Whitaker, William Crashaw, Robert Gray, and R Copeland (Pennington 189-92). These works provided an optimistic view of the native
population's readiness to serve as labourers and willingness to convert to Christianity. The Company's strategy was to convert the popular image of the American native as
barbarous threat to that of helpmate; the Amerindians would be represented as a people who would gladly trade corn for trinkets, convert easily, were sexually available, and
were unlikely to act violently against the colonists. The image of the submissive, attractive, and marriageable aboriginal transformed the stereotype of the "savage" native,
which had the desirable effect of spurring interest and investment in the colony by defusing a major obstacle to settlement.
Strange wives: Pocahontas in early modern colonial advertisement. Publication by Mosaic (Winnipeg) -  David Stymeist  9-1-2002

Another source indicating that Henry Spelman had a Native American wife:
1 Henry Spilman b: 1595 Norfolk, Eng d: 1623 in of Jamestown Colony, VA, USA (killed by Indians)
.... +Mary (Native American Patawomeck) Fox b USA
....... 2 Clement Spilman b: Abt. 1620 d: 1677 in Westmoreland Co, VA
............. +Martha Mason b: Abt. 1619 in VA d: Abt. 1680 in Westmoreland Co, VA m: 1640 in VA
................. 3 James Spelman  b: abt 1653 Westmoreland Co,VA d: Abt. 1715Westmoreland Co,VA
....................... +Mary Unknown b: c 1657  Westmoreland Co,VA d: ~1717Westmoreland Co, VA m: Abt. 1677 Westmoreland Co,VA
.......................... 4 Thomas Spelman b: 1680 Washington, Westmoreland Co. Va. d: Abt. 1740 Washington Parish, VA
................................ +Ann Unknown
-------------------------------- Etc., etc.......................
SPILMAN FAMILY ABROAD - Descendants of Henry SPILMAN  -  Editor: Lori (Spilman) Dollevoet -

Posted on several genealogy web sites are various family trees where the authors claim to be descended from Matachanna, daughter of Wahunsanawcock
and sister of Pocahontas. Matachanna was also known as, Cleopatra, a name given to her by the English. The following record is typical of those so posted.
Most all indicate that the daughter of Matachanna had a daughter who married a Scottish trader. I include this here as simply another reference which, if
true, indicates that it was not at all uncommon for colonial traders to marry an Algonquin native.
The youngest daughter of Chief Powhatan [17 years junior to Pochontas} was given the name Cleopatra by her brother-in-law, John Rolfe, the husband of
Pochontas. Cleopatra married Cayugha Chief Opechancanough. They had two children, a son, Cornstalk, and a daughter, Princess Nicketti: "Beautiful
Flower" or "She Sweeps The Dew From The Flowers." Nicketti married a Scottish trader named Hughes, and had a daughter, Abadiah Elizabeth Hughes.
"Note: Dec. 17th, 1641 -- Thomas Rolfe petitions the governor to let him see Opechankeno to whom he is allied, and Cleopatra, his mother's sister."
From the Powhatan Museum web site:
One could interpret this marriage as the beginning of the whitening process of the indigenous people of Virginia, which continues unabated today.
Technically, Pocahontas was not the first Virginia Indian to engage in miscegenation with whites. There had been a number of non-recognized liaisons
between the English and Virginia Indians since 1607.
Excerpt from a 2002 undergraduate thesis by Kiros Anthony Boston Auld. It is the first definitive examination of Pocahontas written by a Powhatan Native American descendant. Auld is a Pamunkey,
Tauxenent and Taino descendant.

Intermarriage had been indeed the Method proposed very often by the Indians in the Beginning, urging it frequently as a certain Rule, that the English were not their
Friends, if they refused it.
The History and Present State of Virginia by Robert Beverly

By 1609, Powhatan realized that the English intended to stay. Moreover, he was disappointed that the English did not return his hospitality nor would they
marry Indian women (an affront from the Native perspective).
The Library of Congress, Colonial Settlement, 1600's - 1763, Virginia's Early Relations with Native Americans
So here is another source that supports my believe that the Powhatan Chiefdom would offer a daughter in marriage to an influential colonial interpreter,
diplomat and trader. The English may have been reluctant to intermarry in 1609, but certainly by the time Ensign Thomas Savage was of marrying age and
was actively trying to develop good trading relations with the Powhatan, and maintain the peace for both the welfare of the colony and his own trading
he would have been utterly foolish to not accept a daughter of an important Chief. And of those offering daughters, which father
would be Savage's wisest choice?  Probably Wahunsanawcock himself. In 1614 Savage, having left Wahunsanawcock's home four years earlier to return to
Jamestown, re-established his warm relationship with the great Powhatan "King". What better way to gain an edge as both trader and diplomat than to
marry a Powhatan Princess. I call Savage a Diplomat. Was he? "When Capt. John Martin visited the Eastern Shore in April 1610, he found Thomas Savage
already a power among the red men" and "Savage became well established in the Indian councils." Just a couple of many recorded examples of Savage's
importance in the development of good relations between the Powhatan and the Colonists. So, I feel comfortable in calling him a Diplomat.
Was Ensign Thomas Savage offered daughters of important Powhatan Chiefs, as wives or bed-mates? I find it very difficult to believe otherwise. One might
ask; but did he accept? Of course he would have, if not by marriage then certainly as a bed-mate. Would he have fathered a child by one of these women?
My opinion is that it probably happened more than once.
Again, this is my theory based on the evidence, but it is not PROVEN!
John Smith knew Ensign
Thomas Savage quite well.

From Thomas Savage the Carpenter to me:

01. Thomas Savage1             ?    - 1654-55

02. Thomas Savage2          1646 - 1721

03. Robinson Savage1        1699 - 1774

04. Robinson Savage2          ?     - 1786

Robinson T. Savage     abt 1769 - 1830's  (See link)

06. Evan Savage                  1797 - after 1849  

07. Robert Savage               1819 - 1895

08. Nelson E. Savage           abt 1838 - 1916

09. Milton Jackson Savage  1880 - 1960

10. Russell Milton Savage    1901 - 1986

Russell Blair Savage       1934 –  (That's me!)
Born on the Eastern Shore of Virginia, Robinson was relocated with his family to Sussex County, Delaware in 1779 when just a small boy. Between 1787 and
1793 his father died and left Robinson his 250 acre plantation, which the young man sold and traveled to beautiful Western Maryland where he settled for life.

In SAVAGE IS MY NAME I mistakenly reported, in 1995, that
Thomas Savage the Carpenter was the same Thomas Savage who
arrived in 1623 on the ship, Ambrose and who was an indentured
servant hired out to one, William Gany. My mistake was in accepting
as truth an article printed in a respectable Virginia historical publication
without proper citation. The Thomas Savage who arrived in 1623 died
by drowning in c. 1629. The first hard record of Thomas Savage the
Carpenter is a 1632 land transaction. Several years ago a correction
was sent to all owners of  SAVAGE IS MY NAME and the record is
set straight in SAVAGE IS MY NAME - PART II.

The book, WE ARE THE SAVAGES, Descendants of Ensign Thomas Savage of Jamestown by Jacob Cochran Savage
                                                                     is probably flawed.

Along with others, for some time I have been searching for a proven male descendant of Ensign Thomas Savage. I would like to
compare my DNA with such a gentleman. There are living male descendants of Jacob C. Savage, but I regret to suggest that
J. C. Savage himself did not have a direct line of descent from Ensign Savage.
Several years ago when I read this book it appeared to me to not be adequately proven, so I went out to the Eastern Shore of Virginia
and met with three very qualified genealogists. I left a copy of J.C. Savages book with Dr. Miles Barnes, Head Librarian at the
Accomack County Library. Dr. Barnes copied the book and it was studied closely by the folks I reference above. They all agree there
is no proof of the connection, cited in the book, between the John Savage of Northampton County and the John Savage of Augusta
County. There appears to be proof that the John Savage of Northampton stayed and died on the Eastern Shore. That breaks the blood
line for Jacob Cochran Savage. It is more likely that the John Savage who died in 1784 and married Delitha Ward was from Thomas
the carpenter's line. Following are excerpts from correspondence between myself and the genealogists mentioned above;

“As I have related to you, Mrs. [Nora] Turman, you and I (independent of each other) agree on the descendants of John
Savage d. 1749 and we both disagree with the work of Jacob C. Savage at the level where a John Savage appears in Augusta
Co.  Blair had told us that documentation was lacking in that work and it certainly is at that step.  If we are correct then the
Jacob Savage line to Ensign Thomas Savage is flawed and I feel in a small way this even lends support to the theory of the
Thomas Savage lines converging.”
“I see no proof in the book that this John Savage was from Northampton County. Seems like if that had been the case, Mr.
Dorman would have found that.”
“I do think, at this point, that the John Savage who died in 1784 and married Delitha Ward was from the Occahonnock
Savages (Thomas the Carpenter's line).”

Anyone interested in this issue may reach me at the email address shown above and I would be happy to forward all the
communications from which these excerpts are taken.

R.B. Savage
Hosting by Yahoo! Web Hosting
Words of Chief Robert P, Green of the Patawomeck Tribe of Stafford, Virginia.
April 20, 2004 interview with the Stafford Historical Society.

"We have a lot of interpreters I think that married into our tribe. A lot of the
interpreters' surnames show up in our family names, like the name Cox. The
families that were in Virginia before 1700 tended to inter-marry a lot. There weren't
a lot of English women around. And who did the English kill? The Indian men, not
the women. So there were a lot of Indian women and few Indian men for them to
marry. So, it made sense that these interpreters married these Indian women since
they spent most of their time with the Indian tribes anyway. So, when you talk about
blood quantum, I have no idea what my blood quantum is. When somebody tells me
they're pure Indian, I doubt that there are any pure Indians in this part of the
country. The Spanish went into the southwest, and then the settlers. The trappers in
the north either raped the Indian women or married into those tribes. To me, blood
quantum doesn't really matter. Its like an older Elder that Mitchell Bush once
introduced me to said, "I know white men that are more Indian than some Indians I
know. It's what's in your heart and not necessarily what's in your blood that
matters. Your heart tells you whether you are an Indian or not. Do you love and
respect Mother Earth?""