If you are new to genealogy research, you need to be aware that there is an extreme amount of rubbish
    information posted on the Internet. Before using any information found on-line one should make sure it
    is documented. In my own searching, of this most valuable medium, I have found scores of postings
    relating to the lives of Ensign Thomas Savage and Thomas Savage the Carpenter which are highly
    questionable and many that are just plain wrong. After twenty-four years of searching, I have found no
    person, or source, on the Internet or anywhere else, who cites an actual record which identifies the
    parents of Ensign Thomas Savage, or the location in England from where he came. If anyone has such
    hard evidence I would sincerely appreciate your sharing it with those of us who have spent many years in
    search of it.     

I have had my DNA typed and posted on the Savage
DNA web site. If you are interested in comparing your
DNA to my own, click on the link below.
Unfortunately there recently seems to have been little
effort to manage the site, but a new administrator has
been added, so hopefully we'll see some improvement.
To compare your DNA to mine you will need to know
my "S" code number. Email me your code and I will
give you mine.
A skirmish with the Indians near Jamestown
                                                  Thomas Belson
    The 1624/25 muster (census) listed a 12 year old boy, identified as Thomas Belson, a servant of Ensign Thomas.
    I believe this boy was Thomas Savage the Carpenter. While common thought is that Belson was a surname, I
    believe that it was a family name and was used to differentiate him from his father. The reported age of 12 is probably
    incorrect. Anyone who has ever examined old census records knows they were notorious for having gross errors on ages.
    Young Thomas may have been closer to 9 or 10.
    Many of these old records were hand copied and re-copied several times and as any researcher who has delved through
    old census records knows; there were many, many, errors. (I have a dozen different ages recorded for my great-
    grandfather, Nelson Savage.) There may have been a misunderstanding on the part of the census taker as regards the
    boy’s name and his age. Perhaps the person giving the information named the boy's mother when answering; "xxxxxxx's
    son". Perhaps the copyist had difficulty with the name when the muster taker's notes were transferred. Like my own
    name, it may have been a middle name to differentiate him from his father. It would be like my father, Russell, telling the
    census taker that I was Russell Blair.
    In the Jamestown Muster Rolls of 1624/5 Belson is listed as a servant of Ensign Thomas Savage. It was not unique  to
    this boy to be listed as a servant when he may have actually been the Ensign's son. In the muster of William Gany (wife
    Anna), their daughter, also named, Anna is listed as a servant and as being born in Virginia. William arrived Virginia in
    1616 and Mrs. Gany arrived in 1620, so young Anna would have been no more than five to six years of age; quite young
    to be a servant! Another instance of this may be in the muster of Captain Samuell Mathews who arrived in 1622. Among
    his other servants there is listed a Robert Mathews, age 24.

    Any number of reasons could account for Belson having been listed as a servant. As mentioned above, the old records
    are rife with errors. Did the census taker mistaken him for a servant because he appeared to be Native American? I
    have not been able to locate another person with the name, Belson during these early years of the colony.
    Of the 51 Eastern Shore people appearing in the census of 1624/25, this young boy is the only individual who is not
    identified by either; “born in Virginia” or by the giving of a date of arrival and the name of the ship on which he arrived.
    Of those 51 people:
    Forty-eight are identified by ship and date of arrival.       
    Two are identified as being “born in Virginia”.
    Only one, the so-called, Thomas Belson, has no date of arrival, ship   name, or “born in
    Virginia” label.
    To illustrate the above I include here an excerpt from the muster listing those residents of the Eastern Shore. This is a
    copy from page 11 of THE EASTERN SHORE of VIRGINIA 1603-1964 by Nora Miller Turman and appears
    alphabetically instead of in the original order. I have a complete copy of the actual 1624/25 muster, so I am certain of the
    accuracy of what I include here.
    William Andrews, age 25, in the Treasurer, 1617
    John Askume, age 22, in the Charles, 1624
    John Baker, age 20, in the Ann, 1623
    Thomas Belson, age 12
    William Bibble, age 22, in the Swan, 1620
    James Blackborne, age 20, in the Sampson, 1619
    Margaret Hodgskins, born in Virginia
    Why was the “Belson” boy treated differently than the other fifty residents? Why was he the
    only one who had no information given as to how or when he arrived in Virginia? Why is the
    listing of this boy unique?


    After spending many years tracing my line
    to Thomas Savage the Carpenter, in 1995 I
    published a book covering the thirteen
    generations from he to my grand-children.
    After the book was completed I continued
    the search for the antecedents and
    descendants of this remarkable man. The
    book is entitled;
      A History of Thirteen Generations of a
           Savage Family in America

    This book is available for sale. It is high quality
    hardback, 308 pages, illustrated and indexed.

    Price is $29.50 plus $4.50 for packaging
    and Media Rate shipping, total - $34.00.

    Mail check to:
    R. Blair Savage
    157 Shadowleaf Drive
    Hendersonville, NC  28739

If you have any questions about the contents of this book
please contact me at the email address listed near the bottom
of this page.

Unless you can determine that you are likely a
descendant of Thomas Savage the Carpenter,  
SAVAGE IS MY NAME would probably be of little value to you.
It does not explore the many branches of the Carpenter's
descendants. It is limited to the male line from the Carpenter
to myself and probable siblings found in each generation. The
fifth generation is Robinson T. Savage and the link further
down this page will take you to my site where I identify over
4000 of his probable descendants.

    Robinson T. Savage and many of his descendants are told about in Evelyn
    Guard Olsen's book, Indian Blood, a brilliant narrative about life in the
    Blooming Rose area of Garrett County during the 1800's.
    Stephen Schlosnagle's bicentennial history of Garrett County contains
    numerous references to our Savage ancestors. The book, Garrett County Graves
    would be several pages thinner had Robinson not planted his roots where he did.

    Robinson T. Savage was the first school teacher in Western Maryland. He was a friend and
    neighbor of Meshack Browning. Meshack was a famous pioneer hunter and outdoorsman.
    His flintlock rifle rests in the Smithsonian. In Meshack's book, Forty-four Years of The Life
    of A Hunter, a tome about his many exploits, he tells about he and Robinson being together in
    the War of 1812. They volunteered, were appointed sergeants and marched off to Baltimore.
Thomas The Carpenter had at least two sons; Thomas and John.

A century after he was active on the
Eastern Shore,
Thomas The Carpenter was
referred to, in court records as;
Thomas Savage The Elder.

    Additions and corrections to the information
    contained herein are welcome.
    I may be contacted at:
    R. Blair Savage
    157 Shadowleaf Dr.
    Hendersonville, NC  28739
    Ph 828-808-3749

    I may be contacted by email at the address following. This
    address is coded to prevent copying by Internet spiders.

    To use, please remove the blue x.

    This web site went on-line in
    July of 2005.
    I will continue to add any information that I may
    find on
    Thomas Savage the Carpenter
    Ensign Thomas Savage.

    As I hear from new "Cuzzins" I also add to the
    several thousand names on the
    Robinson T. Savage
    web site.

Thomas Savage the Carpenter had many craftsmen and laborers working his shops and plantation. Some of them were slaves,
some were indentured servants and undoubtedly some were freemen.
    The aim of this site is to:
    1. Make available information on the continuing effort to prove the relationship of Thomas Savage the Carpenter, who first appears in Colonial Virginia
    records in 1632, and Ensign Thomas Savage who arrived in 1607/08 with the "First Supply" to Jamestown - and to determine their family histories.
    2. Provide assistance to those who believe they may be descended from these two adventurers.

    A colonial cooper needed skills, intelligence, and strength.  They made casks and
    containers of many specific sizes which included the barrel, firkin, kilderkin, hogshead,
    butt, tierce, puncheon, rundlet and pipe.  They also made pails, churns, tubs, and
    dippers.  These were made of cedar and pine, and were used to hold goods like flour,
    tobacco, and water. Coopers used broad axes, planes, drawknives, and other tools to
    make these items.
    A carpenter was perhaps the most useful colonial tradesman.  The carpenter used many
    different tools, including the saw, broad axe, hammer, awl, mallet, plane, scribe,
    drawknife, gimlet, and froe.
    Carpenters built with, oak, locust, tulip, poplar, yellow pine, cypress and juniper.
By R. Blair Savage
Milton Jackson Savage
Russell Milton Savage
Last update on this page:   

Please click on the "Arms"
button in the navigation bar
for information on the
Savage Coat of Arms
To return to the
top of the page
Click on Home

    Robinson T. Savage, early pioneer of Western Maryland, present day Garrett County, was my great, great, great, great, grand-father. I have constructed
    a chart of the descendants of Robinson T. Savage which lists over 4000 individuals. This chart may be accessed at the link below.

A great, great, grand-son of Thomas Savage was
Robinson T. Savage

Court documents tell us Thomas Savage the
Carpenter built houses and boats. It's
reported that a Shallop was typical of the kind
of boats built by his crew.
Savage Ancestry - Savage History - Savage Genealogy - Savage Family - Savage Lore - Savage Legend - Savage Traces - Savage Honor - Savage Women - Savage Roots - Savage Lineage - Savage Adventure - Savage Pioneers -
Savage Hero's - Savage Men - Savage Arms - Savage Ancestry - Savage History - Savage Genealogy - Savage Family - Savage Lore - Savage Legend - Savage Traces - Savage Honor -
Savage Ancestry - Savage History -
Savage Genealogy - Savage Family - Savage Lore - Savage Legend - Savage Traces - Savage Honor - Savage Women - Savage Roots - Savage Lineage - Savage Adventure - Savage Pioneers
Jamestown Plaque dedicated
to Ensign Thomas Savage

JULY 19TH 1621.

    17th-century European engraving depicts Powhatan receiving Ralph Hamor, secretary of the Virginia colony
    and interpreter Thomas Savage in 1614 at the chief’s new capital of Matchcot on the Pamunkey River.
    Hamor relates: I had Thomas Salvage with me, for my interpreter; with him and two Salvages, for guides; I
    went from the Bermuda in the morning, and came to Matchot the next night, where the King (Powhatan) lay
    upon the River of Pamaunke; his entertainment was strange to me, the boy (Thomas Savage) he knew well
    and told him; My child, I gave you leave, being my boy, to goe see your friends, and these foure yeares I
    have not seene you, nor heard of my owne man Namontack.  
Ensign Thomas Savage was an"adopted son" to Powhatan and "brother"
to Pocahontas and lived in everyday association with them for three years.
Theodore De Bry wood cut of Colonial
artist John White's first-hand, water
color depiction of the Virginia/North
Carolina Indian.
This European
painting of the
wedding of
Pocohantas and
John Rolfe is said to
include Ensign
Thomas Savage

Who was the father of Thomas Savage the Carpenter?
This question is vigorously explored in my book;

Savage Is My Name - Part II
A Study of the lives and Relationship of
Thomas Savage the Carpenter
Ensign Thomas Savage
Virginia's Eastern Shore
1607 - 1655

This follow-up to my original book,
is also high quality hardback, 130 pages, illustrated.

Price is $15.00 plus packaging and shipping:
First Class; $5.00 - Total - $20.00
Media Rate; $3.50 - Total - $18.50.

When ordered together the price for
both books is $41.00 plus $5.00 for packaging and Media Rate
shipping; total - $46.00

    Mail check to:
    R. Blair Savage
    157 Shadowleaf Drive
    Hendersonville, NC  28739

I've also written a book of short
stories, 40 in all and all true.
    It's 160 pages, illustrated,
    soft cover.

    Retail price is $13.95, but
    when ordered with either of
    my Savage books the price
    is $5.00 plus $1.00 shipping.
Go to >>>>>
Here are some links to genealogy on Virginia's Eastern Shore.

                                                         Ensign Thomas Savage
    In 1607, thirteen years before the Mayflower landed, an ex-privateer who had lost a hand by a
    Spanish sword, commanded a fleet of three English ships crossing the Atlantic.
    Their destination; Virginia. Their aim; to create a settlement on a river above the mighty Chesapeake. Against all odds,
    that settlement called, Jamestown, survived and was the beginning of what would become the United States of America.
    The ex-privateer was Captain Christopher Newport and he had on board a boy by the name of Thomas Savage.
    Newport gave the boy, as a hostage, to the great Chief Powhatan in exchange for an Indian named Namontack. Newports
    purpose was two-fold, to help insure friendship with the powerful Powhatan and to have Savage learn his language. John
    Smith, present at the exchange, tells us Savage was thirteen years of age. Thomas Savage remained with Powhatan for
    three years and was an interpreter for the English Colony for the remainder of his life. He became known as, Ensign
    Thomas Savage. Had it not been for the influence that Savage had with the Indians, and the generous heart of Pocahontas,
    the Jamestown Colony would probably not have survived. In 1619 Ensign Savage settled in Accomack as the first white
    settler on the Eastern Shore. The Ensign is said to have given us the oldest continuing family name in America.

Thank you for visiting my web site. Please check for updates periodically.

Correction to SAVAGE IS MY NAME - PART II.
Nancy Garrett, descendant of Ensign Thomas Savage and very knowledgeable Eastern Shore Genealogist questioned my statement on page 24 that males aged 14 or more could serve on
juries. A thorough review of my resources indicates that Nancy is correct. At fourteen a child could act as a witness, but the age of majority, twenty-one, was necessary to serve on the jury.

in unused condition may
be returned for a full
refund of the purchase
Not that anyone gives a hoot, but a while back I had
a computer crash that wiped out my counter and it
hasn't worked since. The number was somewhere
around 39,000.  RBS 9-7-14

The Savages intermarried with the
Friends, Fikes, Casteels and many other
pioneer families of Garrett County,
Maryland, Preston County, West
Virginia to the west and Fayette County,
Pennsylvania to the north.
All written material on this site is protected through Copyright and is made available for private use only. Any commercial use or
for-profit publication in any form is forbidden without the written consent of R. Blair Savage at 157 Shadowleaf Drive, Hendersonville, NC 28739.
For those who regularly follow
this page, I will continue to
update it as I find new
information. For those who
visit here for the first time,
additional documentation of
this search is available in the
two books featured below.
    Henry Spelman and Robert Poole were two Englishmen who were also hostaged to the Powhatan Indians
    and later became interpreters the same as Ensign Thomas Savage. They were contemporaries of the Ensign
    and the three knew each other well.
    According to the source cited below, He (Spelman) was survived by his Patawomeck spouse "Martha
    Fox," a child named Clement Spelman, his father Sir Henry Spelman, his brothers Thomas Spelman of
    Kecoughtan, Virginia, John Spelman, and Francis Spelman of Truro, Cornwall, England.
    From The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Virginia Historical Society, Contributor Philip Alexander Bruce, William
    Glover Stanard, Published 1893, Virginia Historical Society p. 17
    Spelman went back to England in 1613, and made several other trips, but returned to Virginia each time to
    continue to serve as an interpreter, and eventually rising to the rank of Captain. During this time he married a
    Patawomeck Indian woman who is believed to have been given the English name "Martha Fox." (According to
    traditions passed on to Henry Spellman's descendents, - his native wife was a sister of Pocahontas, and
    daughter of Powhatan.)  From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Robert Poole's spouse was unknown, but the wife of his son, William John Poole, was an unnamed
    American Indian woman.
    Rev. Stephen E. Harris, The Surry County, Virginia, Historical Society and Museums.
    In John Rolfe’s 1619 letter to Edwin Sandys he makes references that imply that Robert Poole lived
    among the Indians. He even stated; “Poole being even turned heathen.” It's therefore obvious to me
    that Poole would have had an Indian bed-mate.
    In the Proceedings of the Virginia Assembly at James City July 30 – August 4, 1619, after Henry
    Spelman is read his sentence, an Assembly member stated; "This sentence being read to Spelman he,
    as one that had in him more of the Savage than of the Christian"
    As explained at length in my book, SAVAGE IS MY NAME - PART II, it was routinely common for
    traders and other white men important to the American and Canadian Indians to be given young
    native girls as wives, or bed-mates. The Ensign was a trader - and interpreters were certainly important
    to the Indians. If Spelman, Poole and Poole's son took Indian wives, it certainly would have made
    good business sense for the Ensign to do the same.

    My book, SAVAGE IS MY NAME - PART II, contains evidence to support the theory that Thomas Savage the Carpenter was the son of
    Ensign Thomas Savage and a Native American girl. As I uncover additional information, while continuing the search for further documented
    proof, I will report it here. Any new additions below will be temporarily in blue print to indicate a new entry.
    For owners of SAVAGE IS MY NAME - PART II, any data below may be copied, printed and inserted in your copy of the book.
    There is documentation that an Ann/Hannah was a wife of Ensign Thomas Savage and that they had at
    least one child; John.
    I believe that Ann/Hannah was the Ensign's second wife and the step-mother of the "Belson" boy. I
    believe this boy was actually Thomas Savage the Carpenter, the son of the Ensign and a native girl.
    I believe "Belson" was a family name given to the boy to distinguish him from his father, Ensign
    Thomas Savage. I believe this young fellow may have been called, Thomas "Belson" Savage.
Chief Powhatan
Click here >>>

A quote from the pen of J.C. Wise:
"These old carpenters and
ship-builders seem to have been
constantly occupied and prosperous".
In honor of Russell Milton Savage 1901-1986

Dedicated to Thomas Savage "The Carpenter" and Ensign Thomas
Savage of Virginia's Eastern Shore during the first successful English
colonization of America; Jamestown
The search for their antecedents and their descendants
Covering the period from 1607 to 1655
My Father
My Grandfather


    The 1990 Census records 49,740
    individuals in the United States with the
    surname of, Savage.
    The name ranks number 582 with Smith
    being number 1 at 2,501,922.

    2000 Census
    Total - 48367
    Rank - 640
    77.24% White
    18.59% Black
    1.46% Hispanic
    Balance - Other
Eastern Shore stuff >>
Eastern Shore Families >>
John Smith knew Ensign
Thomas Savage quite well.

    From Thomas Savage the Carpenter to me:

    01. Thomas Savage1             ?    - 1654-55

           02. Thomas Savage2          1646 - 1721

                   03. Robinson Savage1        1699 - 1774

                           04. Robinson Savage2          ?     - 1786

                                   05. Robinson T. Savage     abt 1769 - 1830's  (See link)

                                           06. Evan Savage                  1797 - after 1849  

                                                   07. Robert Savage               1819 - 1895

                                                           08. Nelson E. Savage           abt 1838 - 1916

                                                                   09. Milton Jackson Savage  1880 - 1960

                                                                           10. Russell Milton Savage    1901 - 1986

                                                                                   11. Russell Blair Savage       1934 –  (That's me!)

Born on the Eastern Shore of Virginia, Robinson was relocated with his family to Sussex County, Delaware in 1779 when just a small boy. Between 1787 and 1793
his father died and left Robinson his 250 acre plantation, which the young man sold and traveled to beautiful Western Maryland where he settled for life.

In SAVAGE IS MY NAME I mistakenly reported, in 1995, that
Thomas Savage the Carpenter was the same Thomas Savage who
arrived in 1623 on the ship, Ambrose and who was an indentured
servant hired out to one, William Gany. My mistake was in
as truth an article printed in a respectable Virginia historical
publication without proper citation. The Thomas Savage who
arrived in 1623 died by drowning in c. 1629. The first hard record
of Thomas Savage the Carpenter is a 1632 land transaction. Several
years ago a correction was sent to all owners of  
SAVAGE IS MY NAME and the record is set straight in

The book; WE ARE THE SAVAGES by Jacob Cochran Savage is probably flawed.

    Along with others, for some time I have been searching for a proven male descendant of Ensign Thomas Savage. I would like to
    compare my DNA with such a gentleman. There are living male descendants of Jacob C. Savage, but I regret to suggest that
    J. C. Savage himself did not have a direct line of descent from Ensign Thomas Savage.
    Several years ago when I read this book it appeared to me to not be adequately proven, so I went out to the Eastern Shore of Virginia and met with three
    very qualified genealogists, one of which has been consulted by the Smithsonian. I left a copy of J.C.
    Savages book with Dr. Miles Barnes, Head Librarian at the Accomack County Library. Dr. Barnes copied the book and it was studied closely by the folks
    I reference above. They all agree there is no proof of the connection, cited in the book, between the John Savage of Northampton County and the John
    Savage of Augusta County. There appears to be proof that the John Savage of Northampton stayed and died on the Eastern Shore. That breaks the blood
    line for Jacob Cochran Savage. It is more likely that the John Savage who died in 1784 and married Delitha Ward was from Thomas the Carpenter's line.
    Following are excerpts from correspondence between myself and the genealogists mentioned above;
    “As I have related to you, Mrs. [Nora] Turman, you and I (independent of each other) agree on the descendants of John
    Savage d. 1749 and we both disagree with the work of Jacob C. Savage at the level where a John Savage appears in Augusta Co.  Blair had told us
    that documentation was lacking in that work and it certainly is at that step.  If we are correct then the Jacob Savage line to Ensign Thomas
    Savage is flawed and I feel in a small way this even lends support to the theory of the Thomas Savage lines converging.”
    “I see no proof in the book that this John Savage was from Northampton County. Seems like if that had been the case,
    Mr. Dorman would have found that.”
    “I do think, at this point, that the John Savage who died in 1784 and married Delitha Ward was from the Occahonnock
    Savages (Thomas the Carpenter's line).”

    Anyone interested in this issue may reach me at the email address shown above and I would be happy to forward all the communications from
    which these excerpts are taken.
    R.B. Savage
Hosting by Yahoo Web Hosting

Words of Chief Robert P, Green of the Patawomeck Tribe of Stafford, Virginia.
April 20, 2004 interview with the Stafford Historical Society.

"We have a lot of interpreters I think that married into our tribe. A lot of the interpreter's surnames show
up in our family names, like the name Cox. The families that were in Virginia before 1700 tended to
inter-marry a lot. There weren't a lot of English women around. And who did the English kill? The Indian
men, not the women. So there were a lot of Indian women and few Indian men for them to marry. So, it
made sense that these interpreters married these Indian women since they spent most of their time with the
Indian tribes anyway. So, when you talk about blood quantum, I have no idea what my blood quantum is.
When somebody tells me they're pure Indian, I doubt that there are any pure Indians in this part of the
country. The Spanish went into the southwest, and then the settlers. The trappers in the north either raped
the Indian women or married into those tribes. To me, blood quantum doesn't really matter. Its like an
older Elder that Mitchell Bush once introduced me to said, "I know white men that are more Indian than
some Indians I know. It's what's in your heart and not necessarily what's in your blood that matters. Your
heart tells you whether you are an Indian or not. Do you love and respect Mother Earth?""

    It's been claimed that Savage is
    the oldest continuing name in
    America. Can anyone confirm this?
    Is there anyone living who is
    descended from a person who
    arrived before Ensign Thomas
    Savage in 1607/08?

    Is there a living male who has
    proven his Savage line to the
    Ensign? We have yet to find one
    who will agree to have his DNA
    Anas Todkill was a fellow soldier and long time friend of
    Captain John Smith. He was one of those selected by Smith to
    document Smith's activities in Virginia. Todkill appears to
    have been Smith's shadow through most of his adventures.
    Todkill was important enough to have once had an audience
    with King James I. In 1618, back in England, Todkill wrote
    his own "relation" of the Jamestown adventure and his
    fascination with Pocahontas. It is titled; My lady Pokahontas:
    a true relation of Virginia, writ by Anas Todkill, Puritan and
    Pilgrim. The book's contents were researched for authenticity
    and it was republished in 1885 by John Esten Cooke. Cooke
    critiques passages throughout to compare events recorded by
    other writers of the period. The book appears to give an
    accurate record of the events described by Todkill. I believe
    a quote, attributed to Governor Thomas Dale, upon his
    reading of John Rolfe's letter explaining his reasons for
    wanting to marry Pocahontas - and asking Dale's permission,
    gives us an important insight into the early practice of English
    intermarriage with the Powhatan Indians.
    Dale: "Since we English and the red beauties will get to
    marrying, there need be no more war, but blessed peace.
    Know you what is writ in this letter, my Lady Princess? I see
    thou dost, by thy roses. Master Rolfe would marry thee - hath
    doubtless read thee this billetd
    This book is available on Amazon  

Captain John Martin credits Ensign Thomas Savage with saving the colony through his relationships with the Accomack
Indians on the Eastern Shore.
    1622, Dec. 15.  [ffor the Certentye of Corne it is best knowne to my selfe for yt by sendinge & discoueringe those places,
    ffirst I haue not onely reaped the benefitt, but all the whole Collonye since; whoe had perished had it not bene discouered
    before Sr George Yardley came in by my Aunchient Thomas Savage & servants, besides necessities hath made those
    Savages more industrious then any other Indians in or Baye]   By Captain John Martin:

            A Shallop

    Here we see two replicates of the colonial
    Shallops of the time were described as;
    "of twenty-six feet by the keel with
    masts, oars and yards".
    "of four tons".
    "a sloop rigged craft of about twelve
    tons". (Capt. John Smith's shallop with
    which he explored the bay area)
    "Tons" refers to the weight of water
    displaced by the craft, not the weight of
    the craft itself.

         Much information on our Savages may be found on the expansive genealogy work of M. K. Miles on the Miles Files.
     The Governor wants an Indian bride!
    In May of 1614, after the marriage of John Rolfe and Pocahontas, Thomas Savage was the interpreter accompanying Ralph Hamor to meet Powhatan
    on a mission for the governor, Thomas Dale, in which another daughter of Powhatan was being sought as a bride for Dale. This mission was, however,
    unsuccessful as Powhatan refused the overture of the Governor.

An Indian Song

The Indians had their love songs, which they sang with
some idea of tune, and they had also their angry and scornful
songs against the Tassantassees, as they called the English,
one of which is given by Strachey. It celebrates an attack
upon the English at the Falls of the James River in 1610,
when Lord Delaware sent an expedition from Jamestown to
search the country above the Falls for gold mines. In this
attack Lord Delaware's nephew, Captain William West, was
killed and Simon Skore, a sailor, and one Cobb, a boy, were
taken prisoners. The song was as follows:
(In this song, Thomas Savage is called Thomas Newport. When Captain
Christopher Newport gave Savage to Powhatan he told him that the boy
was his (Newport's) son.)

Matanerew shashashewaw erawango pechecoma
Whe Tassantassa inoshashaw yehockan pocosack.
Whe whe yah haha nehe wittowa wittowa.
Matanerew shashashewaw erawango pechecoma
Capt. Newport inoshashaw neir inhoc natian matassan.
Whe whe yah haha nehe wittowa wittowa.
Matanerew shashashewaw erawango pechecoma
Thom Newport inoshashaw neir inhoc natian monacock.
Whe whe yali haha nehe wittowa wittowa.
Matanerew shashashewaw erawango pechecoma
Pochin Simon inoshashaw ningon natian monacock.
Whe whe yah haha nehe wittowa wittowa.

The words of the song boasted that the Indians had killed
the English in spite of their guns (pocosack) and copper
(matassun), meaning the copper crown which Captain New-
port had presented to Powhatan (hoping thereby to secure his
friendship) ; that Thomas Newport (that is,
whom Captain Newport had given to Powhatan, calling him
his son) had not frightened them with his sword (monacock) ;
and neither had Simon Skore's weapon saved him from
capture. The zvhe whe of the chorus made mock lamentation
over the death of Simon Skore, whom they tortured ; and the
words yah Jiaha ncJie zvittozva zvittoiua conveyed a jeering,
laughing commentary upon the English lack of fortitude
under torment.

William Strachey. Travaile into Virginia, 79, 80.

    In a survey of New World colonization associated with his grant in Newfoundland, Sir William Alexander cites the marriage of Rolfe and Pocahontas as
    evidence of the value of intermarriage: "for it is the onely course that uniting minds, free from jealousies, can first make strangers confide in a new friendship, which
    by communicating their bloud with mutuall assurance is left hereditary to their posteritie."
    An Encouragement to Colonies.  Sir William Alexander, Earl of Stirling, London, 1624.
    Until at least 1618, and possibly until as late as the Indian strike on English settlements in 1622, Powhatan and his successor, brother Opechancanough, still held out
    some hope of dealing with the English intruders through intermarriage and diplomacy.
    Women in Early Jamestown - Kathleen M. Brown, Associate Professor of History, University of Pennsylvania
    "A Justification for Planting Virginia" reveals the propaganda campaign of The Virginia Company to counteract these negative reports: "Some forme of writinge in
    way of Justification of our plantation might be conceived, and pass [...] into many hands." A number of these pamphlets were written by Anglican ministers, such as
    William Symonds and Alexander Whitaker, William Crashaw, Robert Gray, and R Copeland (Pennington 189-92). These works provided an optimistic view of the
    native population's readiness to serve as labourers and willingness to convert to Christianity. The Company's strategy was to convert the popular image of the American
    native as barbarous threat to that of helpmate; the Amerindians would be represented as a people who would gladly trade corn for trinkets, convert easily, were sexually
    available, and were unlikely to act violently against the colonists. The image of the submissive, attractive, and marriageable aboriginal transformed the stereotype of the
    "savage" native, which had the desirable effect of spurring interest and investment in the colony by defusing a major obstacle to settlement.
    Strange wives: Pocahontas in early modern colonial advertisement. Publication by Mosaic (Winnipeg) -  David Stymeist  9-1-2002

    Another source indicating that Henry Spelman had a Native American wife:
    1 Henry Spilman b: 1595 Norfolk, Eng d: 1623 in of Jamestown Colony, VA, USA (killed by Indians)
    .... +Mary (Native American Patawomeck) Fox b USA
    ....... 2 Clement Spilman b: Abt. 1620 d: 1677 in Westmoreland Co, VA
    ............. +Martha Mason b: Abt. 1619 in VA d: Abt. 1680 in Westmoreland Co, VA m: 1640 in VA
    ................. 3 James Spelman  b: abt 1653 Westmoreland Co,VA d: Abt. 1715Westmoreland Co,VA
    ....................... +Mary Unknown b: c 1657  Westmoreland Co,VA d: ~1717Westmoreland Co, VA m: Abt. 1677 Westmoreland Co,VA
    .......................... 4 Thomas Spelman b: 1680 Washington, Westmoreland Co. Va. d: Abt. 1740 Washington Parish, VA
    ................................ +Ann Unknown
    -------------------------------- Etc., etc.......................
    SPILMAN FAMILY ABROAD - Descendants of Henry SPILMAN  -  Editor: Lori (Spilman) Dollevoet -

    Posted on several genealogy web sites are various family trees where the authors claim to be descended from Matachanna, daughter of Wahunsanawcock and
    sister of Pocahontas. Matachanna was also known as, Cleopatra, a name given to her by the English. The following record is typical of those so posted. Most
    all indicate that the daughter of Matachanna had a daughter who married a Scottish trader. I include this here as simply another reference which, if true,
    indicates that it was not at all uncommon for colonial traders to marry an Algonquin native.
    The youngest daughter of Chief Powhatan [17 years junior to Pochontas} was given the name Cleopatra by her brother-in-law, John Rolfe, the husband of
    Pochontas. Cleopatra married Cayugha Chief Opechancanough. They had two children, a son, Cornstalk, and a daughter, Princess Nicketti: "Beautiful Flower"
    or "She Sweeps The Dew From The Flowers." Nicketti married a Scottish trader named Hughes, and had a daughter, Abadiah Elizabeth Hughes.
    "Note: Dec. 17th, 1641 -- Thomas Rolfe petitions the governor to let him see Opechankeno to whom he is allied, and Cleopatra, his mother's sister."
    From the Powhatan Museum web site: One could interpret this marriage as the beginning of the whitening process of the indigenous people of Virginia, which
    continues unabated today. Technically, Pocahontas was not the first Virginia Indian to engage in miscegenation with whites. There had been a number of non-
    recognized liaisons between the English and Virginia Indians since 1607.
    Excerpt from a 2002 undergraduate thesis by Kiros Anthony Boston Auld. (Auld is a Pamunkey, Tauxenent and Taino descendant.)

    Intermarriage had been indeed the Method proposed very often by the Indians in the Beginning, urging it frequently as a certain Rule, that the English were
    not their Friends, if they refused it.
    The History and Present State of Virginia by Robert Beverly

    By 1609, Powhatan realized that the English intended to stay. Moreover, he was disappointed that the English did not return his hospitality nor would they
    marry Indian women (an affront from the Native perspective).
    The Library of Congress, Colonial Settlement, 1600's - 1763, Virginia's Early Relations with Native Americans

    So here is another source that supports my believe that the Powhatan Chiefdom would offer a daughter in marriage to an influential colonial interpreter,
    diplomat and trader. The English may have been reluctant to intermarry in 1609, but certainly by the time Ensign Thomas Savage was of marrying age and
    was actively trying to develop good trading relations with the Powhatan, and maintain the peace for both the welfare of the colony and his own trading
    business, he would have been utterly foolish to not accept a daughter of an important Chief. And of those offering daughters, which father would be
    Savage's wisest choice?  Probably Wahunsanawcock himself. In 1614 Savage, having left Wahunsanawcock's home four years earlier to return to Jamestown,
    re-established his warm relationship with the great Powhatan "King". What better way to gain an edge as both trader and diplomat than to marry a
    Powhatan Princess. I call Savage a Diplomat. Was he? "When Capt. John Martin visited the Eastern Shore in April 1610, he found Thomas Savage already a
    power among the red men" and "Savage became well established in the Indian councils." Just a couple of many recorded examples of Savage's importance
    in the development of good relations between the Powhatan and the Colonists. So, I feel comfortable in calling him a Diplomat.
    Was Ensign Thomas Savage offered daughters of important Powhatan Chiefs, as wives or bed-mates? I find it very difficult to believe otherwise.
    One might ask; but did he accept? Of course he would have, if not by marriage then certainly as a bed-mate. Would he have fathered a child by
    one of these women? My opinion is that it probably happened more than once. Again, this is my theory based on the evidence, but it is not
Anas Todkill is portrayed by Willie Balderson,
Colonial Williamsburg's manager of public
history development.
If you want to taste the absolute best corn bread in the world you
must visit the web site of Bill and Laurel Savage. Their farm is on
the Eastern Shore of Virginia near where Ensign Thomas Savage and
Thomas Savage the Carpenter were raising Indian corn near 400
years ago. Bill and I are "Cuzzins", both descended from the
Carpenter and in all likelihood, from the Ensign.

     Thomas Savage, "The Carpenter"
    A prominent figure in Northampton and Accomack Counties on the Eastern Shore of Virginia, he first appears, by name, in surviving records,
in 1632. He is known to have been a builder of watercraft and homes and operated a cooperage to manufacture casks, barrels, kegs,
buckets, etc. At his death, he owned at least two properties totaling 750 acres.
It is documented that Ensign Savage and Savage the Carpenter were closely related. Were they father and son?
The only known painting made during her lifetime.
It hangs in the National Portrait Gallery of the
Smithsonian, in Washington, D.C.

                        My Library Relating To Eastern Shore Savage Ancestry Search

                 (Some lengthy titles are abbreviated to fit one line. “The” is omitted when preceding a title.
                                                   Recent additions are in red)

    01.         A Concise History Of England – F.E. Halliday
    02.         A Genealogical History of The Savage Family In Ulster – George F. Savage-Armstrong
    03.         A Key to Survey Reports and Microfilm of the Virginia Colonial Records Project. Vol 1 & 2
    04.         A Land As God Made It: Jamestown & The Birth Of America - James Horn
    05.         A True Discourse of the Present Estate of Virginia ---- by Ralph Hamor -- 1615
    06.         A True Relation of The State of Virginia Left by Sir Thomas Dale - in 1616 – John Rolfe
    07.         Abstracts of Wills, Adm. Of Northampton Co. VA. 1632-1802 - James Handley Marshall
    08.         Accomack Co. VA. Court Order Abstracts Vol. 1-10: 1663-1710 – J. R. McKey (On CD)
    09.         Accomack Tithables 1663 – 1695 - Stratton Nottingham
    10.         Adventures of Purse and Person, 1607-1624/5, Vol. IV, R-Z - John F. Dorman
    11.         Adventures of Purse and Person, Va. 1607-1624/5, Vol. I, A-F - John F. Dorman
    12.         America’s First Family, The Savages of Virginia – Burghard
    13.         American Colonists In English Records – 1597 to 1800  George Sherwood 1982
    14.         American Colonists in English Records. Pub. 2011  2 Vol. in one – George Sherwood
    15.         American Journeys – An Anthology of Travel In the United States – E. D. Bennett
    16.         An Account Of Virginia: Its Scituation, Inhabitants, Etc. – 1676 Thomas Glover
    17.         Ancient And Noble Family Of The Savages Of The Ards, The  – Geo. F. Savage-Armstrong
    18.         Anne Orthwoods’s Bastard – John Pagan
    19.         Atlantic World and Virginia, 1550-1624 – Peter C. Mancall
    20.         Before and After Jamestown: Virginia's Powhatans - Rountree & Turner
    21.         Between Two Worlds, Pocahontas & an English Boy Hostage to her Father – Clausen
    22.         British Empire, The - Jane  Samson (on order)
    23.         Captain Christopher Newport  - A. Bryant Nichols Jr.
    24.         Captain John Smith – Writings with Other Narratives – Ed. James Horn
    25.         Common Law of Colonial America, The – Nelson
    26.         Conquest Of Virginia, The Forest Primeval – Conway Whittle Sams
    27.         County Court Records of Accomack-Northampton 1640-1645 - Susie Ames
    28.         Directories of Accomack & Northampton Landowners - 1815 - Roger G. Ward
    29.         Early Virginia Immigrants, 1623 – 1666 – George Cabell Greer
    30.         Eastern Shore Indians of Virginia and Maryland - Rountree & Davidson
    31.         Eastern Shore of Virginia, The - 1603-1964 - Nora Miller Turman
    32.         English Duplicates of Lost Virginia Records – Louis des Cognets, Jr.
    33.         English Estates of American Colonists 1610-1699 -  Coldham, Peter
    34.         Ethics and Indians – Social Relations in a Northwestern Ontario Town – David H. Stymeist
    35.         European And The Indian, The  – James Axtell
    36.         First Colonists, The: the First English Settlements in North America – David and Alison Quinn
    37.         First People: The Early Indians of Virginia - Egloff & Woodward
    38.         First Republic In America: An Account of the Origin of This Nation - Alexander Brown
    39.         Formation of A Society on Virginia’s Eastern Shore 1615-1655 - James R. Perry
    40.         Genesis of the United States, The: the Plantation of North America by England – Brown, 1891
    41.         Good Wives, Nasty Wenches _: Gender, Race, Power in Colonial Virginia  - Brown, Kathleen. M.
    42.         Historie of Travaile into Virginia Britannia, The  - William Strachey
    43.         Histories of the Dividing Line Betwixt Virginia and North Carolina – Wm. K. Byrd
    44.         History of Savage Family in England 1066-2010 – Hugh Savage (CD)
    45.         Indians in Seventeenth-Century Virginia – McCary, Ben C.
    46.         Immigrants To America Appearing In English Records – Frank Smith
    47.         Jamestown Adventure, The: Accts of the Va. Colony, 1605-1614 - Ed Southern
    48.         Jamestown Colony, The – Cornerstones of Freedom – Sakurai
    49.         Jamestown Project, The - Karen Kupperma
    50.         Jamestown, the Buried Truth - Kelso
    51.         Jamestowne Ancestors 1607-1699 – Davis
    52.         Key to Survey Reports and Microfilm of the Virginia Col. Records Project, Vol. 1 & 2
    53.         Land Causes Accomack County, Virginia 1727-1826 - Stratton Nottingham
    54.         Life of the Powhatan (Native Nations of North America) - Sjonger & Kalman
    55.         Loose Papers and Sundry Court Cases 1628 – 1731 - Jean Mihalyka
    56.         Lord Mayor’s Court Of London Depositions Relating to Americans 1641-1736 – Peter Coldham
    57.         Lost Virginia Records, English Duplicates of – Louis des Cognets, Jr.
    58.         Marriages, Northampton County, Virginia 1660-1854 - Jean Mihalyka
    59.         Mother Earth – Land Grants in Virginia - W. Stitt Robinson, Jr.
    60.         My lady Pokahontas; a true relation of Virginia – Anas Todkill (Fiction based on history. RBS)
    61.         Narratives Of Early Virginia – Editor J. F. Jameson
    62.         Northampton Co. Va. Record Book, Ord, Deeds, Wills, 1654-55 - Mackey & Groves
    63.         One Among the Indians - Martha Bennett Stiles
    64.         Peopling of British North America, The  - Bernard Bailyn
    65.         Pioneer Spirit – By American Heritage. Editor in Charge, Richard M. Ketchum
    66.         Pocahontas, Powhatan, Opechancanough - Rountree
    67.         Pocahontas's People: The Powhatan Indians of Virginia - Helen C. Rountree
    68.         Powhatan Confederacy, The -  Past and Present – James Mooney 1907
    69.         Powhatan Indians of Virginia, The  - Helen C. Rountree
    70.         Powhatan’s Mantle - Wood, Waselkov, Hatley
    71.         Reading, Writing and Arithmetic in Virginia 1607-09 - Susie Ames
    72.         Records of the Va. Co. of London, Court Book, Vol. 1, 1619-22 - Susan M. Kingsbury
    73.         Records of the Va. Co. of London, The - Vol. 1,2,3,4 (CD) - Susan M. Kingsbury
    74.         Records of the Virginia Company of London, Volumes 1-4 [CD] - Susan M. Kingsbury
    75.         Relation of Virginia  c. 1613 - Henry Spelman
    76.         Savage Is My Name – Part II – R. Blair Savage
    77.         Savage Is My Name - R. Blair Savage
    78.         Savage Kingdom – The True Story of Jamestown – Benjamin Wooley
    79.         Shawnee Heritage I - Don Greene
    80.         Shawnee Heritage II - Don Greene
    81.         Sir William Berkeley and the Forging of Colonial Virginia – Warren M. Billings
    82.         Soldiers & Sailors of the Eastern Shore of VA in the Revolutionary War – S. Nottingham
    83.         Studies of the Virginia Eastern Shore in the 17th century - Susie M. Ames
    84.         Surviving Jamestown – Gail Karwoski
    85.         Tom Savage - A Story of Colonial Virginia - John Logan (Encyclopaedia Britannica)
    86.         Tracks and Other Papers Relating to Origin (etc) of Colonies in North America (etc) - Peter Force
    87.         True Story of Pocahontas, The - The Other Side of History - Custalow & Daniel
    88.         Virginia: A History Of The People – John Esten Cooke        Printed 1884
    89.         Virginia – The First Seventeen Years - Charles E. Hatch, Jr.
    90.         Virginia ‘Publick’ Claims, Accomack & Northampton, 1780-83 -- Abercrombie & Slatten
    91.         Virginia Colonial Abstracts – Series 2, Vol. 3. Va. Co. of London 1606 – 1624  -  Beverly Fleet
    92.         Virginia Court Records in Southwestern Pennsylvania – Boyd Crumrine
    93.         Virginia Gleanings in England – Lothrop Withington
    94.         Virginia Immigrants And Adventurers 1607 – 1635 - Martha W. McCartney
    95.         Virginia Wills and Administrations 1632-1800  -  Torrence Clayton  --- on order
    96.         Virginia’s Eastern Shore - Ralph T. Whitelaw
    97.         We Are The Savages – James C. Savage
    98.         Who’s Saying What in Jamestown, Thomas Savage - Jean Fritz
    99.         Wills And Adms of Accomack Co. Va. 1663 – 1800 - Stratton Nottingham
    100.       Ye Kingdom Of Accawmacke - Jennings Cropper Wise

Posted on is a reference to one Raleigh
Croshaw, born 1584 in Croshaw, Lancashire, England,
died in Elizabeth County, Virginia April 10, 1667.
Croshaw is reported to have had an Indian wife, Rachel,
"sister of Powhatan"; and in another place; "sister of
Pocahontas"; No documentation though, so consider
it speculation until a source is cited.
The following law seems to imply that consensual sex with
an Indian was allowed:
No man shall ravish or force any woman, maid or
Indian, or other, upon pain of death.

The Library of Congress: For The Colony in Virginea BRITANNIA.
Lavves Diuine,  Morall and Martiall .. Printed at London for Walter Burre. 1612.
Letter from the Marquess of Flores to Philip III,
King of Spain. 8-1-1612
--- reported by a source that "some of the people
who have gone there, think now some of them
should marry the women of the savages of that
country; and he tells me that there are already 40
or 50 thus married." Also reported that the
other Englishmen, after being put among them,
have become savages themselves while the
women, whom they took out, also have gone
among the savages where they have been
received & treated well. A minister who
admonished them was "seriously wounded in
many places" because "he reprehended them."

Brown 1964:572 [Vol. 2589, folio 61

    Powhatan had died in 1618; his brother,
    Opechancanough, had effectively inherited the
    leadership of Tsenacomoco. Though
    Opechancanough had been outwardly
    receptive to talk of peace with the English and
    converting his people to Christianity, he was
    planning an attack that would devastate the
    English colony and, he hoped, send them away
    permanently. One version of his plan had
    involved poisoning the English using large
    quantities of a deadly plant native to the
    Eastern Shore, which he needed to obtain from
    Esmy Shichans; in addition to refusing to send
    the plant, the Indian leader alerted his friend
    Savage to Opechancanough's
    true intentions. Savage tried to warn English
    authorities, including Jamestown's new
    governor, Sir Francis Wyatt, but his message
    fell on deaf ears. Wyatt had taken
    Opechancanough's promises of peace at face
    value, writing to the Virginia Company of
    London that the English enjoyed "very great
    amytie and confidence w[i]th the natives." On
    March 22, 1622, Opechancanough led a swift
    and terrible assault on outlying plantations that
    killed as many
    as 347 colonists, or about one-fourth of the
    English population in Virginia.
    Encyclopedia Virginia: A project of the Virginia Foundation for the
    Humanities in partnership with the Library of Virginia
Indian massacre of 1622, depicted as a
woodcut by Matthaeus Merian, 1628

Hannah (Ann) Savage; wife of Ensign Thomas Savage

Hannah has for years been mistakenly identified as Hannah Tyng of Boston. This error has been repeated over and over. Moody K. Miles, a trusted genealogist
who I know personally, and who has done important work for, among others, the Smithsonian, tells us that Hannah's surname was Elkington.
She was listed as, Ann in the Muster of February 1624/25 at Eastern Shore, Virginia in the home of Ensign Thomas Savage. In later years she is known from court
documents as, Hannah. The muster tells us she came to Virginia in 1621 on the Sea Flower. There is record of Hannah being the mother of at least two children;
Captain John Savage, son of Ensign Thomas, and Margaret "Margery" Cugley, daughter of Hannah's second husband, Daniel Cugley to whom she was married
after the death of Ensign Thomas. In later years, after Hannah's death, Margery was cared for by her half-brother, Captain John Savage.

For more information on this subject click on The Miles Files link above.

                          An Important DNA Match

    In 2010 we discovered that a Mr. Savage (given name withheld)
    who lives on the Eastern Shore of Virginia, within the bounds of
    the 9000 acre tract that was owned by Ensign Thomas Savage,
    has a close match to my own Y-DNA profile.
    Mr. Savage and I both have a documented line to Thomas
    Savage the Carpenter. The fact that Mr. Savage lives today within
    the Ensign’s original tract does not necessarily mean that he’s
    descended from the Ensign; I suspect a number of the Carpenter’
    s descendants also live within those boundaries.
    Mr. Savage and I have a genetic distance of, 2.
    If Thomas Savage the Carpenter were to be considered
    Generation #1, then I am Generation #11 and am removed from
    him by ten generations. This agrees with the Y-DNA standard
    probability chart illustrated below.
    Probability that a common ancestor lived no longer ago than this
    number of generations.

    Genetic Distance                   50%        90%      95%
           0                                    2              4            5
           1                                    3              6            7
           2                                    5              8            9
           3                                    6              10          11

    This sould provide adequate proof of the accuracy of my
    documentation of the line from me to Thomas Savage the

    By 1691 intermarriage with Indian or Negro by the English had evidently become such a
    problem that the Virginia Colony banned all such unions:

    And for prevention of that abominable mixture and spurious issue which hereafter
    may encrease in this dominion as well by negroes, mulattoes, and Indians
    intermarrying with English, or other white women, as by their unlawfull
    accompanying with one another, Be it enacted by the authoritie aforesaid, and it is
    hereby enacted, That for the time to come, whatsoever English or other white man or
    woman being free shall intermarry with a negroe, mulatto, or Indian man or woman
    bond or free shall within three months after such marriage be banished and removed
    from this dominion forever.
    An act for suppressing outlying Slaves,” Laws of 1691, act XVI, in Hening’s Statutes at Law

    In 1705 that law was modified to leave out the reference to Indians.

    There are those who refuse to believe
    that the English of the Jamestown
    Colony intermarried with the Native
    Americans. Thoughtfully considering all
    the information that I've included here,
    I think I have made it clear that
    marriage, or co-habitation between the
    English and the people of Powhatan's
    kingdom was not at all unusual in the
    period from the early 1600's up to the
    enactment of the 1691 law prohibiting
    such unions.  

!!! News Flash !!!

Falmouth, Maine 3-25-2015

This just in: Our Grand Daughter,
Nola, who is also my Senior Research
Analyst (pictured in the photo to the
right with her Assistant Research
Analyst, Sam)
has evidently uncovered some sort of
evidence that proves conclusively that
Ensign Thomas Savage was
married to an Indian girl. Nola's
preliminary report is copied far right.
We believe that Nola may have had
some supernatural help with her
discovery, as she seems to be
communicating with an unknown
entity. Also, the two of them appear to
be in some sort of ceremonial garb.
We anxiously await their full report.

It appears that Nola was excited when she
submitted her preliminary
report, so we include what we believe is an
accurate interpretation
of her message.
I am related to Pocahontas - it is true.
                                                  To A More Recent Time